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Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids

Inhibition of 15-hydroxy prostaglandin dehydrogenase activity in rabbit gastric antral mucosa by 13-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid.


PMID 7708809

Abstract

The effect of 13-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HPODE), a hydroperoxy adduct of linoleic acid (LA), on the activities of prostaglandin (PG) synthesizing and catabolizing enzymes in rabbit gastric antral mucosa was examined. 13-HPODE had no effect on the synthesis of PGE2, PGF2 alpha and PGD2 from exogenous arachidonic acid in the microsomal fraction of the gastric mucosa at concentrations ranging from 5-20 microM. On the other hand, at 1-10 microM, it inhibited the activity of 15-hydroxy PG dehydrogenase (PGDH), which catalyzes the initial step of catabolism of PGs, in a dose-dependent manner. The concentration required for 50% inhibition was approximately 1 microM. Experiments utilizing LA, 13-hydroperoxyoctadecadienoic acid and Fe2+ indicated the requirement of the hydroperoxy moiety for the inhibitory effect of 13-HPODE on the PGDH activity. These results suggest that 13-HPODE has the potential to increase the levels of biologically active PGs in gastric mucosa by preventing their inactivation and may have functional effects within the stomach.

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D0286
13,14-Dihydro-15-ketoprostaglandin E2 solution, ~90%
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