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Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

Process of thermal denaturation of xylanase (XynB) from Clostridium stercorarium F-9.


PMID 7765975

Abstract

The thermal denaturation process of Clostridium stercorarium F-9 xylanase (XynB) was studied by monitoring remaining activity and recovered activity of the enzyme. At pH 5.5, aggregation occurred rapidly after the thermal denaturation initiated. The aggregated protein could be dissolved in 8 M urea solution, and the enzyme activity was recovered by diluting the urea. The extent of the recovered activity was gradually decreased with two phases as the reaction time of the thermal denaturation became longer. These results suggested the thermal denaturation process to be as follows: [formula: see text] where N is the native state of the enzyme; D1 is the denatured state of the enzyme that is formed rapidly after the reaction started and can be renatured by the urea treatment, and D2 and D3 are the denatured states of the enzyme that cannot be renatured even by the urea treatment. The rate constants were k1 > 9.2, k2 = 0.33, and k2 = 0.57, and k3 = 0.13 (in min-1 unit).

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