Acta histochemica

New monoclonal antibodies recognizing phosphorylated proteins in mitotic cells.

PMID 7771183


Three monoclonal antibodies which showed strong staining of mitotic cells by screening on the human cell line MCF-7 were isolated. The antigens detected by the DH7 and BF6 monoclonal antibodies were located predominantly in multiple extranucleolar patches in interphase cell nuclei. In mitotic cells a strong increase in the fluorescence intensity was accompanied by its redistribution into a fine speckled form. Metaphase chromosomes were unstained. Centrosomes, spindle poles or midbodies were not stained either before or after extraction of the cells with Triton X-100 under conditions which preserve microtubular structures. In immunoblots of interphase cell extracts only very few bands reacted with DH7 whereas in mitotic cell extracts approximately 30 bands were stained. BF6 also showed an increase in the intensity and number of bands detected in mitotic compared to interphase cell extracts, and the pattern was clearly different from that obtained with DH7. The BF6 antigen were extracted by 0.5% Triton X-100, whereas the DH7 antigen was not. Dephosphorylation of the antigens strongly reduced the binding of both antibodies as measured by immunoblotting and ELISA assays. The results suggested that BF6 and DH7 detect two different phosphorylated epitopes, each of which is shared by a different subset of proteins from mitotic cells. The third antibody, BD 12, bound to several polypeptides, including one of high molecular weight that appeared to correspond to the NuMA antigen. The epitope recognized by BD 12 was not sensitive to phosphatases.