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Biophysical journal

Simultaneous 280 MHz EPR imaging of rat organs during nitroxide free radical clearance.


PMID 7811942

Abstract

A radio frequency (RF) (280 MHz) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and imaging apparatus has been used to localize a pyrrolidine nitroxide free radical in the rat abdomen and thorax. The nitroxide 2,2.5.5,-tetramethylpyrrolidine-1-oxyl-3- carboxylic acid (PCA) had a whole body monoexponential decay with half-life of 13.3 +/- 0.7 (n = 4), 19.4 +/- 0.2 (n = 3), and 23 +/- 2 (n = 6) min for 1, 2, and 3 mmol/kg PCA, respectively. Up to seven one-dimensional longitudinal projections were collected on six rats in the presence of a 8 mT/m field gradient. With an injection dose of 3 mmol/kg, PCA half-lives were 19 +/- 1, 17 +/- 2, and 22 +/- 2 min (n = 6) in the lower abdomen, in the liver, and in the thorax, respectively. Thorax half-life was significantly longer than liver half-life. Sequential two-dimensional images of PCA distribution in a plane longitudinal to the rat body were obtained from eight spectra in the presence of a gradient of 12 mT/m (acquisition time 5 min; spatial resolution 8 mm). After 7 min, the nitroxide was detectable in the left side of the thorax area, but it was mostly localized in the liver. PCA was more uniformly distributed in the image collected after 17 min.

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