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The Biochemical journal

Effects of K+ on the binding of Ca2+ to the Ca(2+)-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum.


PMID 7826333

Abstract

Equilibrium and kinetic fluorescence methods have been used to characterize the interactions between K+ and the Ca(2+)-ATPase of skeletal-muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. K+ shifts the E2-E1 equilibrium of the ATPase towards E1 and increases the rate of Ca2+ binding to the ATPase, as detected by changes in tryptophan fluorescence intensity, suggesting that K+ increases the rate of the E2-E1 transition. The data are consistent with binding of K+ at the inner Ca(2+)-binding site on the ATPase in competition with H+ and Mg2+, with a higher affinity in the E1 than in the E2 conformation. K+ has no effect on the affinity for Mg2+, as detected by changes in tryptophan fluorescence intensity; since it has been proposed that the changes in tryptophan fluorescence follow from binding to Mg2+ at the outer Ca(2+)-binding site, this suggests that K+ is unable to bind at the outer Ca(2+)-binding site. K+ increases the rate of dissociation of Ca2+ from the Ca(2+)-bound ATPase and reduces the effect of Mg2+ on the fluorescence intensity of the ATPase labelled with 4-(bromomethyl)-6,7-dimethoxycoumarin. It is suggested that these effects of K+ are the result of binding at a 'gating' site on the ATPase, in competition with binding of H+. Binding of K+ at the inner Ca(2+)-binding site and at the gating site account for the observed effects of K+ on the affinity of the ATPase for Ca2+.

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