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Photochemistry and photobiology

4'-Aminomethyl-4,5',8-trimethylpsoralen photochemistry: the effect of concentration and UVA fluence on photoadduct formation in poly(dA-dT) and calf thymus DNA.


PMID 7870761

Abstract

The photochemistry of 4'-aminomethyl-4,5',8-trimethylpsoralen (AMT) with poly(dA-dT) and calf thymus DNA was studied. The extent of photoadduct formation and the distribution of photoadducts (3,4- and 4',5'-monoadducts and crosslinks) were determined by liquid scintillation analysis and HPLC, respectively. The adducts were characterized on the basis of their UV absorption spectra and mass spectral analysis. The high DNA binding constant for AMT (1.5 x 10(5) M-1) led to a high fraction of intercalated molecules, which contributed to the high level of AMT photoadduct formation, as many as 102 adducts per kilobase pair. In addition, there is a distinct difference in the adduct distribution compared to the previously studied 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP). Under the conditions employed for the photochemical studies, virtually all of the AMT molecules in solution are intercalated, occupying 25% of the base pair sites. Under similar conditions, 8-MOP molecules occupied 10 times fewer sites. Thus, for AMT, DNA base pair sites other than 5'TA, the well-characterized strong binding for psoralens in general, are an additional target for photomodification, which results in the formation of a higher percentage of monoadducts. The proportion of photoadducts formed was virtually independent of AMT concentration and UVA (320-400 nm radiation) fluence.

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A4330
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