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British journal of pharmacology

Selectivity of [125I]-PD151242 for human, rat and porcine endothelin ETA receptors in the heart.


PMID 7881728

Abstract

1. Endothelin-1 binds with high affinity to heart where it acts as a potent positive inotropic agent. Our aim was to characterize the labelled and unlabelled ETA-selective antagonist PD151242 in heart tissues derived from man, rat and pigs by use of radioligand binding techniques. 2. Binding of [125I]-PD151242 to sections of human left ventricle was time-dependent and reached equilibrium after 120 min at 23 degrees C with an association rate constant of 0.0235 min-1 nM-1. The binding was reversible at 23 degrees C with a dissociation rate constant of 0.00144 min-1. 3. Saturation binding assays with [125I]-PD151242 revealed a single population of high affinity ET receptors in human left ventricle (KD = 1.07 +/- 0.08 nM; Bmax = 29.8 +/- 4.2 fmol mg-1 protein), porcine left ventricle (KD = 1.92 +/- 0.27 nM; Bmax = 493 +/- 248 fmol mg-1 protein), and rat heart (KD = 0.64 +/- 0.08 nM; Bmax = 82.34.7 fmol mg-1 protein). 4. Unlabelled PD151242 competed with specific [125I]-ET-1 binding to human left ventricle tissue in a biphasic manner with high affinity binding to the ETA-site (KD = 7.21 +/- 2.83 nM) and lower affinity for the ETB-subtype (KD = 104 +/- 23 microM), indicating a greater than 10000 fold selectivity to the high affinity site. 5. The ETA-selective ligand FR139317 competed for [125I]-PD151242 binding in human left ventricle with nanomolar affinity (KD = 0.37 +/- 0.10 nM), whereas the ETB-selective compound, BQ3020, competed with only micromolar affinity (KD = 1.5 +/- 0.26 microM). 6. The novel ETA-selective radioligand [125I]-PD151242 binds with high affinity to human, rat and porcine heart. In human tissue, binding was shown to be reversible and highly selective for the ETA-subtype making [1251]-PD151242 a useful selective radioligand for further characterization of the ETA-receptor in human tissue.

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