Neuroscience letters

Chronic CY 208-243 treatment of MPTP-monkeys causes regional changes of dopamine and GABAA receptors.

PMID 7905197


Four monkeys were rendered parkinsonian by N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) i.v. administration and then treated chronically with increasing doses of the D1 agonist CY 208-243 (0.05, 0.1 and 0.5 mg/kg). All animals showed a dose-dependent improvement of their parkinsonian signs after the chronic CY 208-243 treatment; however, half of them developed peak-dose dyskinesias. Dopamine levels were more decreased in the striatum of MPTP-monkeys with dyskinesias compared to those without dyskinesias. [3H]SCH 23390 and [3H]SKF 38393 binding to D1 receptors were in general similar in the striatum of both groups of MPTP-monkeys except [3H]SKF 38393 binding which was lower in the posterior putamen of dyskinetic compared to non-dyskinetic monkeys reflecting decreased coupling of this receptor to G proteins. [3H]spiperone and [3H]N-n-propylnorapomorphine binding to D2 receptors in the striatum tended in general to be higher in dyskinetic compared to non-dyskinetic monkeys, and this reached statistical significance in the posterior caudate labelled with [3H]n-propylnorapomorphine. [3H]muscimol binding to GABAA receptors was significantly higher in the posterior caudate of dyskinetic compared to non-dyskinetic monkeys. The extent of striatal DA denervation, decreased D1, elevated D2 and GABAA receptors, as well as the decrease of the D1/D2 receptor ratio in the posterior striatum may be involved in the appearance of dyskinesias after chronic CY 208-243 treatment.

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1-Methyl-4-(2′-methylphenyl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine hydrochloride, solid
C13H17N · HCl