EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Biochimica et biophysica acta

Characterisation of a novel Ca2+ pump inhibitor (bis-phenol) and its effects on intracellular Ca2+ mobilization.


PMID 7947918

Abstract

Bis-phenol, a phenolic antioxidant, is an inhibitor of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPases. The concentration of bis-phenol giving half-maximal inhibition of the SR Ca(2+)-ATPase is 2 microM. On binding to the SR Ca(2+)-ATPase it shifts the E2 to E1 transition towards the E2 state and slows the transition between E2 to E1. Bis-phenol completely inhibits Ca(2+)-dependent ATP hydrolysis and Ca2+ uptake by rat cerebellar microsomes at a concentration of 30 microM. The plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase is also completely inhibited at similar concentrations, however, the Na+/K(+)-ATPase is only marginally affected. Other inhibitors of the ER Ca(2+)-ATPases, thapsigargin and 2,5-di-(tert-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone (BHQ), inhibit Ca2+ uptake by approximately 75%. Bis-phenol therefore inhibits all types of ER Ca(2+)-ATPases present in cerebellum. This inhibitor is also able to mobilize Ca2+ from intracellular Ca2+ stores, including those sensitive to InsP3, in intact HL-60 cells.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

413135
2,2′-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol)
C23H32O2