The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics

Pharmacologic evidence that spinal muscarinic analgesia is mediated by an L-arginine/nitric oxide/cyclic GMP cascade in rats.

PMID 7965774


This study was designed to determine if the antinociception produced by intrathecally (i.t.) administered muscarinic agonists in male Sprague-Dawley rats is mediated by an L-arginine/nitric oxide/cyclic GMP cascade. Seven days after implantation of intrathecal catheters, antinociception was produced with graded doses of (+)-cis-methyldioxolane (CD). The ED50 values for CD in the hot-plate and tail-flick tests were 2.6 and 2.0 nmol, respectively. The corneal and righting reflexes, as well as stepping and negative geotaxic responses, were not affected by CD. Six-minute pretreatment with 50 nmol of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NG-nitroarginine (NNR) significantly inhibited CD-produced hot-plate and tail-flick antinociception as evidenced by 6-fold shifts to the right of the CD dose-response curves. Coadministration of 150 nmol of L-arginine with NNR reversed the NNR-induced inhibition of the antinociception produced by CD. D-Arginine was without effect. Pretreatment with 500 nmol of the guanylyl cyclase inhibitor methylene blue also antagonized the antinociception produced by CD in both the hot-plate and tail-flick tests. In parallel with CD, coadministration of L-arginine with NMR reversed the NMR-induced inhibition of (+)-muscarine-produced antinociception in both nociceptive tests. Intrathecal administration of buffer, 50 nmol of NNR, 150 nmol of L- or D-arginine or 500 nmol of methylene blue, did not alter nociceptive responses when injected alone. In contrast, i.t. administration of the membrane-permeable cyclic GMP analogs, dibutyryl cyclic GMP and 8-bromo cyclic GMP, produced antinociception in both nociceptive tests when injected alone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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2-Methyl-1,3-dioxolane, 97%