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Pharmacology & toxicology

The role of glutathione and protein thiols in CBrCl3-induced cytotoxicity in isolated rat hepatocytes.


PMID 7971737

Abstract

The role of glutathione (GSH) and protein thiols in the pathobiochemical process of CBrCl3 cytotoxicity was investigated in isolated hepatocytes. Administration of 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mmol/l CBrCl3 affected cellular viability as assessed by trypan blue exclusion, release of lactate dehydrogenase and loss of intracellular potassium in a dose-dependent manner. Intracellular glutathione and the capacity to reduce 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazolyl-2-)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT, thiazolyl blue) decreased almost independently of the CBrCl3 concentration. Protein thiols were not markedly oxidized in the presence of CBrCl3. However, compromising cellular defence mechanisms by either inhibition of glutathione regeneration or depletion of glutathione enhanced the cytotoxicity of CBrCl3 and induced a loss of protein thiols in the late phase of cellular injury. Under these conditions the thiol-dependent Na+,K+ATPase revealed high sensitivity towards CBrCl3. Thus, glutathione proved to exert effective cytoprotection, and sulfhydryl groups of particular proteins were supposed to be an important target of radical attack.

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B82251
Bromotrichloromethane, 99%
CBrCl3