Revue d'elevage et de medecine veterinaire des pays tropicaux

[Pharmacokinetics and plasma protein binding of sulfamethoxypyridazine in camels (Camelus dromedarius)].

PMID 7991901


The pharmacokinetics of sulfamethoxypyridazine (SMPD) were investigated in the camel after intravenous and oral administration. After intravenous injection, the plasma concentration of the drug followed the kinetics of a two-compartment model. The steady-state volume of distribution (Vss) of 0.47 l/kg suggested that sulfamethoxypyridazine was mostly distributed within the vascular compartment and the strongly vascularized tissues. The elimination from the body was rather slow, with a biological half-life [t1/2(beta)] and a total plasma clearance of about 9.5 h and 0.037 l/kg.h, respectively. Oral treatment showed that the maximum plasma concentration was reached 17 hours post drug administration and that the bioavailability ranged around 57%. Study of the plasma protein binding showed that the percentage of SMPD binding to plasma proteins varied from 47 to 72% and seemed to be concentration-dependent. The total binding capacity and the dissociation constant at equilibrium were 196 micrograms/ml and 335 micrograms/ml, respectively.

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