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The Veterinary quarterly

Oral bioavailability of sulphamethoxydiazine, sulphathiazole and sulphamoxole in dwarf goats.


PMID 8009816

Abstract

To get a better insight into the oral bioavailability of sulphonamides in ruminants, sulphamethoxydiazine (pKa 7.0), sulphathiazole (pKa 7.2), and sulphamoxole (pKa 7.4) were administered to dwarf goats (n = 5). The drugs were given at 2-week intervals by the intravenous or intraruminal route at a dose of 100 mg per kg body weight. After IV injection, the mean half-life (t1/2 beta in h +/- SEM) was 0.80 +/- 0.10 h, 2.35 +/- 0.38 h, and 3.36 +/- 1.25 h, for sulphathiazole, sulphamoxole, and sulphamethoxydiazine, respectively and the mean distribution volume (Vd beta) was 0.23 +/- 0.05 l/kg, 0.23 +/- 0.04 l/kg, and 0.33 +/- 0.02 l/kg. After intraruminal administration, the mean bioavailability varied from 86.0 +/- 11.8% for sulphamethoxydiazine to 46.6 +/- 4.3% for sulphamoxole, and 52.6 +/- 7.2% for sulphathiazole. The elimination half-life was significantly prolonged, probably due to a low rate of drug absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. In contrast to chloramphenicol, the sulphonamides studied were stable when incubated in rumen fluid at 39 degrees C.

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