Cancer research

Matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor BB-94 (batimastat) inhibits human colon tumor growth and spread in a patient-like orthotopic model in nude mice.

PMID 8062271


Matrix metalloproteinases have been implicated in the growth and spread of metastatic tumors. This role was investigated in an orthotopic transplant model of human colon cancer in nude mice using the matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor BB-94 (batimastat). Fragments of human colon carcinoma (1-1.5 mm) were surgically implanted orthotopically on the colon in 40 athymic nu/nu mice. Administration of BB-94 or vehicle (phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, containing 0.01% Tween 80) commenced 7 days after tumor implantation (20 animals/group). Animals received 30 mg/kg BB-94 i.p. once daily for the first 60 days and then 3 times weekly. Treatment with BB-94 caused a reduction in the median weight of the primary tumor from 293 mg in the control group to 144 mg in the BB-94 treated group (P < 0.001). BB-94 treatment also reduced the incidence of local and regional invasion, from 12 of 18 mice in the control group (67%) to 7 of 20 mice in the treated group (35%). Six mice in the control group were also found to have metastases in the liver, lung, peritoneum, abdominal wall, or local lymph nodes. Only two mice in the BB-94 group had evidence of metastatic disease, in both cases confined to the abdominal wall. The reduction in tumor progression observed in the BB-94-treated group translated into an improvement in the survival of this group, from a median survival time of 110 days in the control group to a median survival time of 140 days in the treated group (P < 0.01). Treatment with BB-94 was not associated with any obvious toxic effect, and these results suggest that such agents may be effective as adjunctive cancer therapies.

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Batimastat, ≥98% (HPLC)