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The Journal of toxicological sciences

Acute, subchronic and chronic toxicity studies of a synthetic antioxidant, 2,2'-methylenebis(4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol) in rats.


PMID 8072042

Abstract

General toxicity studies on 2,2'-methylenebis(4-methyl-6-tert-butylphenol) (MBMBP) were conducted using male and female Wistar rats. LD50 values were greater than 5 g/kg BW by oral administration for both sexes. Diarrhea was observed until 5 days. In the subchronic test, rats were fed diet containing MBMBP at 0, 0.12, 0.6 or 3.0% for 12 weeks. Severe suppression of body weight gain was observed in both sexes of 0.6 and 3.0% groups. Death accompanied by hemorrhage from nasal cavity was observed in 0.6 and 3.0% males and 3.0% females. Dose-dependent toxicity to the liver in both sexes was observed in blood chemical analysis. Histopathologically, testicular atrophy and decrease of spermatogenesis were dose- and time-dependently observed in all treated males. Atrophy of ovaries was evident in 0.6 and 3.0% females. Thymus atrophy and bone marrow hypoplasia were observed in both sexes of 0.6 and 3.0% groups. In the chronic test, rats were fed diet containing MBMBP at 0, 0.01, 0.03 and 0.1% for 18 months. Body weight gain was only suppressed in both sexes receiving 0.1%. Histopathologically, testicular atrophy and decrease of spermatogenesis were apparent in 0.1% males. No neoplastic response by MBMBP administration was noted. NOAEL was concluded to be 0.03% in the diet (12.7 mg/kg BW/day for male rats and 15.1 mg/kg BW/day for female rats).

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413135
2,2′-Methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol)
C23H32O2