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Journal of dental research

Regulation of PG synthase by EGF and PDGF in human oral, breast, stomach, and fibrosarcoma cancer cell lines.


PMID 8083436

Abstract

Prostaglandins may inhibit or promote tumor cell replication, depending on the cell system that is investigated. In our laboratory, we have established and characterized four different specific human cancer cell lines. The objectives of this study were to examine and compare the prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase (PG synthase, EC 1.14.99.1) activity of these cell lines by measuring the conversion of arachidonate to 3H-PGE2 and 3H-PGF2 alpha. We found that the oral epidermal carcinoma cell line (OEC-M1) had a moderate degree of PG synthase activity. Enzyme activity could be partially blocked (statistically significant) by the addition of epidermal growth factor (EGF) at 20 ng/mL and almost completely inhibited by platelet-derived growth factor at (PDGF) 20 mU/mL. By contrast, we discovered that the human breast adenocarcinoma cell line (BC-M1) did not contain significant PG synthase, and enzyme activity could be significantly activated by the addition of epidermal growth factor at 20 ng/mL and platelet-derived growth factor at 20 mU/mL. We also found that the human stomach adenocarcinoma cell line (SCM-1) had a significant amount of PG synthase activity, and these PG synthase activities were not activated or inhibited by EGF at 20 ng/mL or PDGF at 20 mU/mL. Furthermore, the human fibrosarcoma (FS-M1) cell line also contained a moderate degree of PG synthase activity, which could be significantly inhibited by PDGF at 20 mU/mL but was not inhibited by EGF at 20 ng/mL. The results suggest that EGF and PDGF may be involved in the regulation of the PG synthase activities of human oral, breast, stomach, and fibrosarcoma cancer cells.

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