Neuroscience letters

Effects of cholecystokinin tetrapeptide and sulfated cholecystokinin octapeptide in rat models of anxiety.

PMID 8084519


The effects of the acutely administered cholecystokinin (CCK) agonists CCK tetrapeptide (BOC-CCK-4) and sulfated CCK octapeptide (CCK-8S) were examined in four animal models of anxiety in rats. In the elevated plus maze, BOC-CCK-4 reduced the time spent in the open arms and the number of entries into the open arms. BOC-CCK-4 but not the anorectic acting CCK-8S increased the suppression of feeding in a conflict paradigm based on novelty suppressed feeding in hungry rats. In the two-compartment black-and-white box, BOC-CCK-4 decreased the time spent and locomotor activity in the white compartment. In the ultrasound vocalization test, using rat pups separated from the mother, BOC-CCK-4 increased the number of distress calls. No evidence was found for inducing anxiety-like behaviour by CCK-8S.