Biochemical pharmacology

Influence of thyroid hormone administration on hepatic glutathione content and basolateral gamma-glutamyltransferase ectoactivity in the isolated perfused rat liver.

PMID 8101079


The effect of thyroid hormone administration on liver glutathione (GSH) content and gamma-glutamyltransferase activity in the isolated perfused liver was studied for a period of 1-7 days in fed rats following a single dose of 0.1 mg 3,5,3'-L-triiodothyronine (T3)/kg. T3 elicited an early and transient calorigenic response, together with GSH depletion at 1 day after treatment. Recovery of hepatic GSH content and enhancement in total basolateral gamma-glutamyltransferase activity occurred in parallel 2-3 days after T3 treatment, parameters that were normalized in the 4- to 7-day time interval studied. The increase in total basolateral gamma-glutamyltransferase activity by T3 at early times after treatment was due mainly to increments in its transpeptidation mechanism, and was characterized by increments in the apparent maximum velocities without changes in the apparent Michaelis constant (Km) for the substrate gamma-glutamyl-p-nitroanilide. Data presented suggest that the elevation in sinusoidal gamma-glutamyltransferase activity could be related to the recovery of hepatic GSH content after depletion by T3 treatment, by supplying the precursors for intracellular GSH synthesis, an effect that seems to be mediated by enhanced synthesis of the enzyme.