Neuroscience letters

Prolonged analgesia after intracerebroventricular Tyr-W-MIF-1 (Tyr-Pro-Trp-Gly-NH2).

PMID 8104325


A peptide recently isolated from human and bovine brain, Tyr-W-MIF-1 (Tyr-Pro-Trp-Gly-NH2), was tested for its effects on nociception in the tail-flick test after intracerebroventricular injection in the rat. Tail-flick latencies were significantly increased with a rapid onset and remained significantly elevated for at least 50 min. Naloxone reversed the effect of the peptide, indicating opiate receptor involvement in the response. Met-enkephalin at the same dose produced only slight antinociception. Some animals showed 'barrel-rolling' behavior in addition to the analgesia; this behavior was unusually short-lived, not a prerequisite for the analgesia, and had no apparent persistent effects. The results show that, in addition to previously described opiate-like actions (binding to the mu-receptor and inhibition of electrically induced contractions of the guinea pig ileum), Tyr-W-MIF-1 is capable of inducing significant analgesia.