The Journal of biological chemistry

Expression and regulation of basic fibroblast growth factor mRNA levels in mouse osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells.

PMID 8132679


Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a potent mitogen for bone cells and is a constituent of the bone matrix. We have found that osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells expressed bFGF mRNA transcript of 4.5 kilobases (kb). We examined factors that regulate the expression of bFGF mRNA and protein in MC3T3-E1 cells. Treatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with bFGF (10 nM) for 4-48 h induced another 7-kb bFGF transcript at 4 h. Treatment of MC3T3-E1 cells with TGF beta (10 ng/ml) also induced the 7-kb transcript of bFGF mRNA. In contrast, heparin, parathyroid hormone, and interleukin-1 had no effect on bFGF mRNA. Western blot analyses revealed that MC3T3-E1 cells produced a 24-kDa bFGF protein, which was increased by TGF beta. Immunofluorescence showed that bFGF protein was localized to the cytoplasm in serum-deprived MC3T3-E1 cells. Treatment of these cultures with medium containing fetal calf serum or TGF beta caused increased cytoplasmic staining for bFGF and marked shape change. Furthermore, in the cells treated with TGF beta there was both nuclear and cytoplasmic staining for the protein. These data demonstrate that bFGF mRNA and protein are expressed in osteoblastic cells and are regulated by treatment with TGF beta and bFGF. Production of bFGF may be important as an autocrine and paracrine mediator of bone cell replication, differentiation, and function.

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MC3T3-E1 Cell Line from mouse, 99072810