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In vitro cellular & developmental biology. Animal

Autonomous migration of human fetal skin fibroblasts into a denuded area in a cell monolayer is mediated by basic fibroblast growth factor and collagen.


PMID 8167916

Abstract

Human fetal skin fibroblasts (TIG-3S) were found to migrate into a denuded area in a cell monolayer when cultured in both serum-depleted and serum-supplemented media, unlike adult-donor skin fibroblasts which migrated well only when cultured in serum-supplemented medium. Therefore, a series of experiments was carried out to determine whether autocrine factors are involved in their migration. The migration of TIG-3S cells in serum-depleted medium was suppressed by the addition of suramin, a factor with growth factor antagonist properties, which suggests that growth factors are important for cell migration. The suramin-induced inhibition was reversed completely by adding excess basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) to the culture medium and partially by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). Treatment with neutralizing anti-PDGF antibody did not suppress TIG-3S cell migration, whereas neutralizing anti-bFGF antibody did, which indicates that bFGF is an autocrine and PDGF a paracrine factor involved in cell migration. Next, an experiment was performed to ascertain whether the extracellular matrix is involved in TIG-3S cell migration. Monensin, an inhibitor of extracellular matrix secretion, inhibited cell migration, which was reversed by adding excess type I collagen, but not excess plasma fibronectin. In addition, further evidence for the involvement of collagen was provided by the observation that ethyl-3,4-dihydroxybenzoate, a specific inhibitor of collagen synthesis, suppressed cell migration. These results suggest that the autonomous migration of TIG-3S human fetal skin fibroblasts is mediated by bFGF and type I collagen, which they produce and secrete.

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