Combined D-penicillamine and prussian blue as antidotal treatment against thallotoxicosis in rats: evaluation of cerebellar lesions.

PMID 8178320


Rats were treated with a single dose of thallium acetate (32 mg/kg i.p.) and the antidotal effect of D-penicillamine and prussian blue given alone or in combination was assessed by means of evaluation of the thallium-induced cerebellar histological lesions. After thallium poisoning (24 h), antidotes were administered for 4 days as follows: D-penicillamine (DP) 25 mg/kg, i.p. twice daily; prussian blue (PB), 50 mg/kg p.o., twice daily. Mortality among the treatment groups was as follows: control, 87.5%; DP, 100%; PB, 56.25%; DP+PB, 25%. Three days after these treatments, rats treated with the combination DP+PB presented a significantly lower number of altered Purkinje cells in cerebellum as compared with those of the thallium alone treated animals, indicating adequate protection by this antidote treatment against thallium neurotoxicity. Prussian blue protected against thallium-induced neurotoxicity to a lesser extent as compared with the effects obtained by the DP+PB protection. DP did not protect against thallium-induced alterations of Purkinje cells. These results confirm the efficacy of the combined antidotal treatment of DP and PB against thallium toxicity in rats, and support the possible application in human cases of thallotoxicosis.

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