The Journal of biological chemistry

The human gene for diamine oxidase, an amiloride binding protein. Molecular cloning, sequencing, and characterization of the promoter.

PMID 8182053


The amiloride binding protein (ABP) is detected in many epithelium-rich and/or hematopoietic tissues (Lingueglia, E., Renard, S., Voilley, N., Waldmann, R., Chassande, O., Lazdunski, M., and Barbry, P. (1993) Eur. J. Biochem. 216, 679-687). The protein binds amiloride and some of its derivatives, such as phenamil, benzamil, and ethylpropylamiloride. These properties have previously suggested that ABP might be associated with an amiloride-sensitive Na+ channel. It corresponds in fact to an amiloride-sensitive diamine oxidase (DAO) that catalyzes the degradation of compounds such as putrescine or histamine. The analysis of the organization of the sequence of the human ABP/DAO gene reveals that the 2.4-kilobase messenger RNA is transcribed from two close origins identifying the proximal promoter. After sequencing, some corrections within the initial cDNA sequence have been made. Human ABP/DAO corresponds to a 751-residue polypeptide. The promoter activity of 1800 base pairs upstream of the transcription start sites of the long form has been analyzed. Two bulks of cis-activating sequences have been identified. One of them constitutes the proximal promoter. It contains a palindromic sequence previously described as E-PAL. This motif is essential for the full activity of the promoter and behaves like a composite element. This first molecular cloning of a human gene coding for a diamine oxidase will allow us to further understand its regulation during cell growth and/or embryonic development.