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Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology

Genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of 4-aroyl-1-nitrosohydrazine-carboxamides on O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase-positive and -negative human cell lines.


PMID 8188733

Abstract

Five different representatives (I-V) of a new class of bifunctional alkylating agents, the 4-aroyl-1-nitrosohydrazinecarboxamides ("nitrososemicarbazides"), were evaluated for their potential interaction with DNA and for their cytotoxic activity in vitro to O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase-positive (Mer+) and -negative (Mer-) human cell lines. The HeLa MR cell line (Mer-) showed up to 20-fold higher sensitivity at IC50 (dose that inhibits colony formation by 50%) to agents I-V than did the HeLa S3 cell line (Mer+) in a colony-formation assay. These data were compared to those obtained by treatment of the two cell lines with carmustine, a currently used antitumor drug. In Mer+ cells comparable results to those with carmustine were obtained with compounds III, IV and V; in Mer- cells compounds I and II showed nearly the same effects as carmustine. Whether compounds I-V produce DNA strand breaks and/or DNA-protein cross-links was investigated using an alkaline filter elution technique. In this assay all compounds produced DNA single-strand breaks; no correlation could be detected between the strand breakage frequency and cytostatic, mutagenic and antitumor activity.

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