Bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of a new isosorbide dinitrate spray preparation in healthy volunteers.

PMID 8216439


In the course of this study the bioavailability and pharmacokinetic profile of a newly developed 2.5 mg (per valve release) oral isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN, CAS 87-33-2) spray preparation (Isoket Spray) were determined and compared with the results for an already marketed reference spray preparation following single application. For this purpose, the test and reference spray were examined in 18 healthy volunteers according to a randomized 2-way cross-over design. Blood samples were collected during 12 h p.a. and plasma concentrations of ISDN and its metabolites isosorbide-2-mononitrate (IS-2-MN) and isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN) were quantified by a GC-method. Both sprays showed mean maximum concentrations of ISDN in plasma of nearly 18 ng/ml about 7 min after drug intake with arithmetic mean values for the areas under the curve AUC0-12 of 7.01 (test spray) and 7.30 (reference spray). For the metabolic products IS-2-MN and IS-5-MN (values for the reference spray in brackets) the corresponding maximum concentrations were 4.15 (4.21) ng/ml and 16.1 (15.9) ng/ml, respectively, and for the areas under the curve AUC0-12 values of 9.75 (9.92) for IS-2-MN and 104.3 (99.7) for IS-5-MN in the mean were calculated. Statistical evaluation of all pharmacokinetic parameters revealed bioequivalence between the two preparations. Typical side-effects known and described under isosorbide dinitrate therapy were also observed in this study.

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I0775020 Isosorbide 2-nitrate, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard