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The American journal of physiology

Microelectrode measurements of pericellular PO2 in erythropoietin-producing human hepatoma cell cultures.


PMID 8238479

Abstract

On the basis of Fick's law of gas diffusion, it has been proposed that cells in conventional monolayer cultures may be severely hypoxic. Because knowledge of the cellular O2 availability is important for the interpretation of biochemical and toxicological cell culture work, microelectrode measurements of the pericellular PO2 were carried out using the erythropoietin (Epo)-producing human hepatoma cell lines Hep G2 and Hep 3B as an in vitro model. In confluent hepatoma cultures grown in polystyrene dishes and incubated in air with 5% CO2, the pericellular steady-state PO2 was < 1 mmHg. The rates of the production of immunoreactive Epo and lactate were high due to a misproportion between O2 supply and O2 requirements. Epo production decreased when shaken instead of static cultures were studied, or when the O2 concentration in the gas atmosphere was increased gradually up to 95%. In cultures grown on gas-permeable supports, pericellular and gas PO2 values were very similar, with increased Epo production at lowered PO2. In agreement with mathematical models, our experimental data make PO2 measurements desirable for studies of O2-dependent biological functions in cell cultures.

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Hep 3B Cell Line human, 86062703, from human liver