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Clinical chemistry

A step forward in enzymatic measurement of creatinine.


PMID 8287520

Abstract

We describe an improved enzymatic ultraviolet absorbance method for assaying creatinine in serum, plasma, and urine. Creatinine is hydrolyzed by creatinine iminohydrolase (EC 3.5.4.21) to ammonia and N-methylhydantoin. The ammonia produced combines with 2-oxoglutarate and NADPH in the presence of glutamate dehydrogenase to yield glutamate and NADP+. The consumption of NADPH, measured by a two-point fixed-time assay, is proportional to the amount of creatinine in the sample. The assay is carried out in two steps: The first step eliminates background absorbance in hyperlipemic samples and endogenous ammonia through a "clearing system" and an isocitrate dehydrogenase-based "ammonia scavenger system"; the second step starts creatinine measurement. The method affords a simple, rapid, and sensitive assay with good precision and extended linearity; it employs working solutions stable at least 4 months. Test results compare closely with those of the isotope dilution-mass spectrometry Definitive Method, the HPLC procedure, and the fuller's earth method. The proposed method is not subject to interference from several metabolites or from the 72 drugs tested. Because it is easily automated, the method is suitable for routine work in clinical laboratories.