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British journal of pharmacology

Adenosine receptor-mediated modulation of acetylcholine release from rat striatal synaptosomes.


PMID 8298819

Abstract

1. The effects of A1 and A2a adenosine receptor agonists on the veratridine-evoked release of [3H]-acetylcholine ([3H]-ACh) from rat striatal synaptosomes was investigated by use of the A1-selective agonist, R-PIA and the 185 fold selective A2a agonist, CGS 21680. The effects of NECA, which is equipotent at both receptor subtypes, were also studied. 2. The evoked release of [3H]-ACh was significantly enhanced by the A2a agonist CGS 21680 but decreased by the A1 agonist, R-PIA. The effects of NECA were dependent on the concentration used, with high concentrations inhibiting and low concentrations enhancing the evoked release of [3H]-ACh. In the absence of any antagonists, the rank order of potency for these three drugs on increasing [3H]-ACh release was CGS 21680 > NECA > R-PIA. 3. The stimulatory effects of CGS 21680 and low NECA concentrations on evoked [3H]-ACh release were antagonized by the A2a receptor antagonists, CP66,713 (300 nM) and CGS 15943A (50 nM) whilst the inhibitory effects of R-PIA were reversed by the selective A1 antagonist, DPCPX (4 nM). In the presence of DPCPX, NECA greatly enhanced the evoked release of [3H]-ACh at all concentrations studied when, during such A1 receptor blockade, the rank order of potency was NECA > CGS 21680 > R-PIA. 4. These results demonstrate that both A1 and A2a adenosine receptors modulate the veratridine-evoked release of [3H]-ACh from rat striatal synaptosomes.

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