Structural organization of the human cardiac alpha-myosin heavy chain gene (MYH6).

PMID 8307559


The human myocardium expresses two cardiac myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoforms, alpha and beta, that exist in tandem array on chromosome 14q12. We have previously sequenced the entire human cardiac beta-MyHC gene and now report the complete nucleotide sequence of the human cardiac alpha-MyHC, encompassing 26,159 bp as well as the entire 4484-bp 5'-flanking intergenic region. The gene (MYH6) consists of 39 exons, 37 of which contain coding information. The 5'-untranslated region is split into 3 exons, with the third exon containing the AUG translation initiation codon. With the exception of the 13th intron of the human cardiac beta-MyHC, which is not present within the alpha-isogene, all exon/intron boundaries are conserved. Conspicuous sequence motifs contained within the alpha-MyHC gene include four Alu repeats, a single (GT)n element, and a homopurine-homopyrimidine tract containing 23 GAA repeating units followed by 10 GAG repeating units. Comparison of the encoded amino acid sequence with a previously reported human alpha-MyHC cDNA sequence reveals several potential polymorphisms.