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Lipids

2-Hydroxyhexadecanoic and 8,9,13-trihydroxydocosanoic acid accumulation by yeasts treated with fumonisin B1.


PMID 8316046

Abstract

Fumonisin B1 is a sphingolipid-like compound that enhances the accumulation of yeast sphingolipids and 2-hydroxy fatty acids. These lipids occur both as freely extractable and cell bound components in yeast fermentations. Both free and bound 2-hydroxy fatty acids produced by Pichia sydowiorum NRRL Y-7130 were increased when fumonisin B1 (50 mg/L) was added to the usual growth medium containing yeast extract/malt extract/peptone/glucose. Fumonisin-treated cultures contained 38 mg/L more 2-hydroxyhexadecanoic and 15 mg/L more 2-hydroxyoctadecanoic acids than did untreated cultures. By contrast, fumonisin inhibited the accumulation of free 8,9,13-trihydroxydocosanoic acid in Rhodotorula sp. YB-2501 cultures, leading to 240 mg/L lower trihydroxy acid production than by untreated cultures.

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H7021
2-Hydroxyhexadecanoic acid, ≥98% (capillary GC)
C16H32O3