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The Journal of biological chemistry

Cloning and characterization of rabbit liver UDP-glucuronosyltransferase cDNAs. Developmental and inducible expression of 4-hydroxybiphenyl UGT2B13.


PMID 8325897

Abstract

A polyclonal antibody generated against rabbit liver p-nitrophenol UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) was used to screen a rabbit liver cDNA expression library constructed in lambda gt11. A 500-base pair cDNA clone, termed pPNP, generated a fusion protein that was antigenic with the antibody. Clone pPNP encoded the 3' region of a UGT. To identify larger recombinants, clone pPNP was used as a probe to screen a second cDNA library constructed in lambda ZAP. Two different cDNA clones were identified by DNA sequence analysis. Based upon their predicted amino acid sequence analysis, the clones encode transferases belonging to the UGT2 subfamily, and have been identified as UGT2B13 and UGT2B14. The predicted N-terminal sequence of UGT2B13 is identical to that determined for the purified rabbit liver estrone UGT. However, expression of the UGT2B13 cDNA in COS-1 cells displayed no activity in the presence of estrone but efficiently conjugated 4-hydroxybiphenyl. Results of Southern blot analysis using the 5' divergent region of the UGT2B13 cDNA that encodes exon 1 demonstrates that multiple genes share sequence homology to UGT2B13, an observation which indicates that the estrone UGT and UGT2B13 genes are encoded by separate alleles. When the 5' variable regions of the cDNAs where used in Northern blot analysis, the expression of UGT2B13 and UGT2B14 were shown to be expressed primarily in adult rabbits. However, when neonatal rabbits were treated with either dexamethasone or rifampicin, UGT2B13 mRNA levels were induced. The neonatal induction of UGT2B13 mRNA corresponded with similar increases in 4-hydroxybiphenyl UGT activity. The expression and induction of UGT2B13 paralleled that of the developmentally regulated rabbit liver progesterone 6 beta-hydroxylase P4503A6.

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