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Biochimica et biophysica acta

Identification of reactive vicinal cysteines in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ATP) and cytosolic rat liver (GTP) phospho enol pyruvate carboxykinases.


PMID 8329445

Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ATP) and cytosolic rat liver (GTP) phospho enol pyruvate carboxykinases (EC 4.1.1.49/32) have been labeled with N-(1-pyrenyl)-iodoacetamide. Reagent incorporation was completely prevented by the presence of the respective nucleoside diphosphate plus MnCl2. Under appropriate conditions, 2 mol of reagent per mol of enzyme subunit were incorporated. The fluorescence spectra of the labeled proteins showed the pyrene excimer emission band. The pyrenyl-derivatized enzymes were digested with trypsin after carboxymethylation, and two labeled peptides were isolated for each carboxykinase upon reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Automated Edman degradation of the labeled peptides indicated that cysteines 364 and 457 (yeast enzyme), and cysteines 288 and 413 (rat enzyme) were labeled with the fluorescence SH-specific reagent. The relative reactivity of these residues was characterized. Labeling experiments utilizing the 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoate)-oxidized enzymes suggested that the reactive SH-groups occupy a vicinal position in the tertiary structure of the proteins, probably in the nucleotide-binding region.

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