Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology

The effect of zardaverine, an inhibitor of phosphodiesterase isoenzymes III and IV, on endotoxin-induced airway changes in rats.

PMID 8369979


Zardaverine is a novel phosphodiesterase III/IV inhibitor, developed as a potential therapeutic agent for asthma. In this study we evaluated the effect of zardaverine in an in vivo animal model of airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness. Endotoxin exposure in rats causes a transient increase in airway responsiveness and a neutrophilic inflammation of the bronchi, which are both at least partly mediated through the secondary release of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha). Groups of 10 animals each were pretreated with placebo or zardaverine (1, 10, 30 mumol/kg) i.p., 30 min prior to exposure to aerosolized endotoxin (LPS) or saline. Ninety minutes later, airway responsiveness to 5-HT was assessed and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) performed. Zardaverine did not influence baseline lung resistance (RL), but inhibited dose dependently the 5-HT induced increase in RL in control animals. In placebo pretreated animals LPS exposure caused a significant decrease in PC50RL5-HT (provocative concentration of 5-HT causing a 50% increase in RL), compared to the saline exposed control group (1.1 +/- 0.1 vs 2.7 +/- 0.4 micrograms/kg) (P < 0.01). This decrease in PC50RL5-HT was significantly inhibited by zardaverine 30 mumol/kg (5.4 +/- 1.8 vs 1.1 +/- 0.1 micrograms/kg) (P < 0.05). Compared to placebo pre-treated, LPS exposed animals, zardaverine 30 mumol/kg also significantly inhibited to LPS induced neutrophil increase (193.0 +/- 50.0 vs 915.6 +/- 181.3 x 10(3)) (P < 0.01), increase in elastase activity (23 +/- 11 vs 54 +/- 9 nmol substrate/h/ml) (P < 0.05) and TNF alpha release in BAL fluid (93.1 +/- 19.5 vs 229.5 +/- 24.8 U/ml BAL fluid) (P < 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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Zardaverine, phosphodiesterase inhibitor