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Chemical research in toxicology

Polyunsaturated fatty acid alkoxyl radicals exist as carbon-centered epoxyallylic radicals: a key step in hydroperoxide-amplified lipid peroxidation.


PMID 8374035

Abstract

13-Hydroperoxyoctadeca-9,11,15-trienoic acid was reacted with a catalytic amount of 5,10,15,20-tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphyrin iron(III) chloride in dichloromethane containing 2,4,6-tri-tert-butylphenol. The principal products were identified as 13-oxooctadeca-9,11,15-trienoic acid, 13-oxotrideca-9,11-dienoic acid, and a series of isomeric epoxyaryl ethers [9-(2,4,6-tri-tert-butylphenoxy)-12,13-epoxyoctadec-10-enoic acids and 11-(2,4,6-tri-tert-butylphenoxy)-12,13-epoxyoctadec-9-enoic acids]. The epoxyaryl ethers are coupling products of 2,4,6-tri-tert-butylphenoxyl radical and an epoxyallylic radical formed by cyclization of an intermediate alkoxyl radical. The high yield of epoxyaryl ethers relative to 13-oxotrideca-9,11-dienoic acid suggests the equilibrium between alkoxyl radical and epoxyallylic radical lies predominantly toward epoxyallylic radical. This cyclization appears to be a key step in the amplification of lipid peroxidation by polyunsaturated fatty acid hydroperoxides.

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