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Free radical research communications

The effects of myoglobin and apomyoglobin on the formation and stability of the hydroxyl radical adduct of 5,5'-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide.


PMID 8386688

Abstract

When aqueous solutions of the spin trap 5,5'-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO) are treated with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of either FeII or light, the hydroxyl radical adduct DMPO-OH is formed, with a characteristic 4 line ESR spectrum. When oxy- or metmyoglobin is added to such a system the initial yield and the halife of DMPO-OH are reduced, and at high myoglobin concentrations (about 0.1 mmol dm-3) DMPO-OH becomes undetectable. Using the stable nitroxide 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy-N-oxyl (TMPO) for comparison it was found that neither hydrogen peroxide nor myoglobin alone caused a loss of signal, but together a marked loss of signal was induced. From the evidence of these and other experiments it was concluded that the DMPO-OH adduct reacts with hydrogen peroxide and myoglobin to give non-paramagnetic products, and hence that the use of the DMPO spin trap to detect hydroxyl or other active radicals in systems containing physiological concentrations of myoglobin may give misleading results.

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244007
3,3,5,5-Tetramethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide, 95%
C8H15NO