Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

A vasoactive intestinal peptide antagonist inhibits non-small cell lung cancer growth.

PMID 8389448


The most prevalent lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has receptors for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP). Here the effects of a VIP antagonist (VIP-hyb) on NSCLC growth were investigated. In vivo, when VIPhyb (10 micrograms, s.c.) was daily injected into nude mice, xenograft formation was significantly inhibited by approximately 80%. In vitro, VIP (100 nM) stimulated colony formation approximately 2-fold, whereas 1 microM VIPhyb inhibited colony formation by approximately 50% when adenocarcinoma cell line NCI-H838 was used. The attenuation of tumor proliferation is receptor mediated, as VIPhyb inhibited specific 125I-labeled VIP binding to cell lines NCI-H157 and NCI-H838 with an IC50 of 0.7 microM. VIP (10 nM) increased the cAMP levels 5-fold when cell line NCI-H838 was used, and 10 microM VIPhyb inhibited the increase in cAMP caused by VIP. Northern blot analysis and radioimmunoassays have shown VIP mRNA and VIP-like immunoreactivity in NSCLC cells. These data suggest that VIP may be a regulatory peptide in NSCLC and that VIPhyb is a VIP receptor antagonist that inhibits proliferation.