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Biochemistry and cell biology = Biochimie et biologie cellulaire

The properties of beta-galactosidases (Escherichia coli) with halogenated tyrosines.


PMID 8398070

Abstract

An Escherichia coli tyrosine auxotroph (MR1) with an inducible lacZ was generated by mutagenesis. Of several tyrosine derivatives tested, only m-fluorotyrosine supported the growth of this mutant and allowed synthesis of active beta-galactosidase. The pH profiles of the beta-galactosidase that was obtained when this mutant was grown on m-fluorotyrosine (81.5% of the tyrosine was replaced by m-fluorotyrosine) indicated that a tyrosine may be acting as a general acid-base catalyst and that it (or another tyrosine with the same pKa) may be involved in substrate binding. Inactivation of normal beta-galactosidase by treatment with lactoperoxidase in the presence of I- did not affect affinity-column binding, but incubation of this iodinated beta-galactosidase with chymotrypsin caused a rapid degradation of a portion of the treated enzyme equal to the portion of the activity that was lost. A study with 125I- showed that the rapid degradation was mainly confined to iodinated molecules of enzyme. These studies indicate that iodination of beta-galactosidase does not affect binding ability, but causes the enzyme to lose catalytic activity and become susceptible to chymotryptic action. Chloroperoxidase also caused rapid inactivation of normal beta-galactosidase in the presence of Br- or I-, but there was a lag followed by a slow inactivation in the presence of Cl-.

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F4505
m-Fluoro-DL-tyrosine
C9H10FNO3