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International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology

Sensory-evoked potentials as indices of neurotoxicity in the rat: effect of 4-tert-butyltoluene.


PMID 8432678

Abstract

The use of evoked potentials to measure neurotoxicity was evaluated using 4-tert-butyltoluene (TBT) as a test compound. Male Wistar rats were habituated to the recordings of auditory- and flash-evoked potentials until the combined waveform of the evoked potentials reached a steady state. The rats were then divided into three groups and exposed to 0, 50 and 150 ppm TBT for 6 h, and the auditory- and flash-evoked potentials were measured for up to 288 h after exposure. Event-related potentials specifically associated with the temporal pairing of auditory and visual stimuli were not apparent in the recordings. The peak-to-peak values of selected components, integrated amplitude and power spectra of the waveforms in exposed rats were significantly different from control values for at least 288 h in the group exposed to 150 ppm TBT and for 120 h in the group exposed to 50 ppm TBT. It is concluded that evoked potentials may be used for detection and characterization of minor neurofunctional changes due to low-dose exposure to chemicals.

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B102628
4-tert-Butyltoluene, 95%
C11H16