British journal of clinical pharmacology

Effects of an oral dose of isosorbide dinitrate on platelet function and fibrinolysis in healthy volunteers.

PMID 8443032


1. A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled study was performed to investigate the effects of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN; 20 mg orally) on various aspects of platelet function and fibrinolysis in vivo in 12 healthy volunteers. 2. Measurements were performed at rest (before and after tablet ingestion) and during platelet activation by adrenaline (0.4 nmol kg-1 min-1; 30 min infusion). 3. At rest, ISDN did not alter plasma concentrations of beta-thromboglobulin (beta TG). EC50 values for ADP induced aggregation in vitro (Born aggregometry) or ex vivo filtragometry readings. Adrenaline markedly increased platelet aggregability in vivo as measured by filtragometry and elevated levels of beta TG in plasma. ISDN treatment did not affect these responses in the group as a whole. 4. Individuals responding to ISDN with more pronounced vasodilatation at rest showed a lesser increase in aggregability during the ensuing adrenaline infusion (r = -0.66, P = 0.02) despite higher adrenaline levels during ISDN. In individuals showing a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure (n = 8) ISDN tended to attenuate the adrenaline induced increase in platelet aggregability (filtragometry; P = 0.08), despite higher plasma adrenaline and noradrenaline levels after ISDN ingestion. 5. Plasma concentrations of ISDN and its active metabolites isosorbide-5-mononitrate and isosorbide-2-mononitrate were not correlated to haemodynamic or platelet variables. 6. Fibrinolytic activity (t-PA antigen and activity, PAI-1 antigen and activity) increased similarly during the adrenaline infusion following ISDN and placebo. 7. It is concluded that ISDN may affect platelet aggregation responses to adrenaline in vivo, but only in individuals showing significant haemodynamic responses to ISDN.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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I0775020 Isosorbide 2-nitrate, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard