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Atherosclerosis

Flow cytometric measurement of ceroid accumulation in macrophages.


PMID 8457262

Abstract

Flow cytometry has been examined as a method for quantitative measurement of the accumulation in macrophages of ceroid, an autofluorescent polymer composed of oxidised protein and lipid. Murine peritoneal macrophages were cultured in the presence of cholesteryl linoleate- or arachidonate-bovine serum albumin (CL/BSA or CA/BSA) complexes. Ceroid accumulation was greater from CA/BSA than from CL/BSA and was dependent upon both time and cell plating density. Inclusion of vitamin E with the complexes diminished the accumulation of ceroid fluorescence after exposure to either CL/BSA or CA/BSA. Controls included exposure of macrophages to BSA, alone and with vitamin E, both of which led to some fluorescence at a similar wavelength to that used to monitor ceroid accumulation (Ex: 351.1-363.8 nm/Em: 490 nm and upwards). Ceroid accumulation can be monitored semi-quantitatively by staining techniques. However, such methods are relatively crude and give little information about the amount of ceroid within cells. Flow cytometry, on the other hand, can give a quantitative assessment of cellular ceroid accumulation, provided experiments are conducted with appropriate controls. The findings are discussed in the context of human atherosclerosis and of future investigation of cell-mediated lipid oxidation and its potential antagonists.

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C8753
Cholesteryl arachidonate, ≥95% (HPLC; detection at 205 nm), viscous liquid
C47H76O2