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Nuclear medicine and biology

Cysteine, a chelating moiety for synthesis of technetium-99m radiopharmaceuticals--Part IV. Benzyl cysteine and derivatives.


PMID 8504284

Abstract

To explore the possibility of utilizing cysteine derivatives for technetium-99m radiopharmaceutical preparation with clinical potential, we synthesized two benzyl substituted cysteine compounds, namely, S-benzyl cysteine 1 and cysteine benzyl ester 3. It was expected, from our previous studies on benzoyl cysteines, that the above two ligands after chelation with 99mTc would be excreted by the hepatobiliary pathway. Although for 99mTc-3 the above expectation was realized, 99mTc-1 behaved in a most unexpected way by affixing itself with kidney and selecting the renal tubular secretory pathway for its excretion. It is anticipated that the affinity of 99mTc-1 for kidney is due to its interaction with the kidney sulphhydryl group and it also formed an adduct with other sulphydryl containing compounds like thiophenol. In terms of the kidney-to-background ratio, 99mTc-1 showed some superiority over other kidney structure agents, like 99mTc-dimercaptosuccinic acid and 99mTc-glucoheptanoic acid and, therefore, the chelate (99mTc-1) may have the potential to replace the above two radiopharmaceuticals in clinical use.

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