Fundamental and applied toxicology : official journal of the Society of Toxicology

Chronic nephropathy and renal carcinogenicity of o-benzyl-p-chlorophenol in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice.

PMID 8529821


o-Benzyl-p-chlorophenol, an aryl halide biocide, was evaluated in male and female F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice in a series of subchronic and 2-year toxicity and carcinogenicity studies. Kidney was the primary target of toxicity in the 13-week gavage studies in rats and mice, with increased nephropathy noted as low as 240 mg/kg in male rats. Considering the nephropathy to be doselimiting, the chronic (2-year) study was conducted at lower doses (male rats: 30, 60, or 120 mg/kg; female rats: 60, 120, or 240 mg/kg; male and female mice: 120, 240, or 480 mg/kg; in corn oil; n = 50/group). Survival and body weights of dosed rats were similar to controls in the 2-year study. Survival of high-dose male and female mice, and body weights of all dosed male and mid- and high-dose female mice, were lower than controls. The incidence and severity of nephropathy increased with dose and length of treatment in both rats and mice. There was an increased incidence of renal tubule adenomas or carcinomas in both the mid- and high-dose male mice. Despite similar evidence of nephropathy, however, there were no increased incidences of neoplasms in female mice or in male or female rats. This study suggests therefore that while nephrotoxicity may have been a necessary component, factors other than the marked nephrotoxicity of o-benzyl-p-chlorophenol were critical to the development of renal carcinogenesis induced in only male mice.

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