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Respiration physiology

Recurrent laryngeal nerve activation by alpha 2 adrenergic agonists in goats.


PMID 8570915

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that respiratory and apneas induced by alpha 2 agonists in anesthetized goats are associated with an increase of upper airway expiratory-related activity, rather than a general depression of breathing. Activities of phrenic (Phr) and recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLN) were recorded in response to the alpha 2 agonists clonidine (0.5-3.0 microgram.kg-1 i.v.) or guanabenz (7.0-20.0 micrograms.kg-1 i.v.) in ten chloralose-anesthetized goats. Injection of either alpha 2 agonist resulted in respiratory arrhythmias with a greater than seven-fold increase in TE and a 30% reduction in TI. During apneas RLN expiratory-related activity remained tonic until the next Phr burst, consistent with our hypothesis. Cessation of Phr activity during hypocapnia also resulted in a tonic increase of RLN expiratory activity; and injection of NaCN (50 micrograms.kg-1 i.v.) increased Phr and RLN inspiratory activities, while attenuating RLN expiratory-related activity. Inspiratory and expiratory-related activity of RLN motoneurons appear to be reciprocally modulated by alpha 2 agonists or changes in central or peripheral chemoreceptor drive. The results indicate that central apneas and respiratory arrhythmias may be associated with alpha 2-adrenoceptor modulation of laryngeal expiratory-related activity.