Archives of biochemistry and biophysics

Retarded and aberrant splicings caused by single exon mutation in a phosphoglycerate kinase variant.

PMID 8615693


The molecular abnormality of a phosphoglycerate kinase variant which was associated with severe tissue enzyme deficiency and episodes of muscle contractions and myoglobinuria was examined. Analysis of the patient's DNA showed the existence of a nucleotide transversion A/T - C/G in exon 7. No other nucleotide change was detected in the coding region of the variant gene. The mutation should produce a single amino acid substitution Glu - Ala at protein position 251 counting from the NH2-terminal acetyl serine residue. The protein abnormality caused by the amino acid substitution cannot explain the enzyme deficiency. Northern blot hybridization indicated that the PGK mRNA content of the patient's lymphoblastoid cells was only about 10% of that of normal. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed the existence of two PGK mRNA components in the patient's cells. The major component corresponds to the normal PGK mRNA except for A - C change at nucleotide position 755 counting from adenine of the chain initiation codon. The minor component contains 5' region (52 bases) of intron 7 between exon 7 and exon 8. An inframe chain termination codon exists in the minor mRNA component, and the COOH-terminal half is expected to be deleted in the translation product. These results indicate that the low PGK activity in the patient's tissues is mainly due to retarded and aberrant pre-mRNA splicings caused by the change of the consensus 5' splice sequence AGgt to a nonconsensus sequence CGgt at the junction between exon 7 and intron 7 of the variant gene.