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Analytical biochemistry

Assay for tyrosine hydroxylation activity of tyrosinase from betalain-forming plants and cell cultures.


PMID 8660589

Abstract

In our studies on tyrosinase-catalyzed tyrosine hydroxylation, possibly involved in betalain biosynthesis, we have evaluated different assays for the detection and quantification of the enzymatic product Dopa with respect to sensitivity, simplicity, and suitability for automatization. A tyrosinase assay including reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with isocratic elution and fluorescence detection has been developed (native fluorescence of Dopa; excitation at 281 nm, emission at 314 nm). This improved assay was sensitive (detection limit: 2 pmol Dopa) and showed a wide linear range of Dopa detection (10 pmol-20 nmol Dopa). The method proved to be suitable for high-performance liquid chromatography with an autosampler and has been applied for measuring tyrosinase activity of cell cultures and different tissues of Portulaca grandiflora.