Yakugaku zasshi : Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

[Stability of phenyl salicylate in alcoholic-aqueous solution].

PMID 8699321


The stability and degradation pathways of phenyl salicylate (PS) in 50 v/v% aqueous ethanol were investigated over the pH range of 3.2-8.4. The experiments were performed at three different temperatures (5, 23 and 50 degrees C) for four months by the use of high performance liquid chromatography. The degradation of PS was observed as a pseudo first-order kinetics not only in the alkaline region but in the acidic region and shown to proceed via transesterification (k1) and hydrolysis (k2) processes. The transesteified product, ethyl salicylate (ES), further underwent hydrolysis (k3) (k1 > k2 > k3). On the basis of kinetic studies, it was found that the degradation rate of PS decreased with decreasing pH and temperature. The half-lives of PS at pH 6.3 were 6.6 d (50 degrees C), 178 d (23 degrees C) and 2934 d (5 degrees C), respectively, and PS was stable at below ca. pH 4. On the other hand, PS in 100% ethanol also underwent the breakdown to ES by k1 process and its half-lives were 2.5 d (50 degrees C), 31.5 d (23 degrees C) and 257 d (5 degrees C), respectively. The present results is useful for the integrity of pharmaceutical formulations and delivery profiles.