Biochemistry and cell biology = Biochimie et biologie cellulaire

Modulation of actin dynamics during stress and physiological stimulation by a signaling pathway involving p38 MAP kinase and heat-shock protein 27.

PMID 8714691


HSP27, like other proteins of the heat-shock protein family, accumulates to high levels after exposure of cells to a short period of hyperthermia and contributes to the development of a transient state of thermoresistance. In vitro, HSP27 behaves as an actin cap-binding protein and can inhibit actin polymerization. In vivo, the protective function of HSP27 is exerted mainly at the level of the microfilaments and appears as an extension of a normal function of the protein. This function is regulated by phosphorylation in a mitogen- and stress-sensitive signaling pathway involving the newly characterized p38 MAP kinase. The phosphorylation-modulated function of HSP27 can contribute to agonist-induced reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and, in the case of stress activation, provides an actin-based adaptive response of cells to the new environmental conditions.