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Applied and environmental microbiology

Genetic manipulation of the pathway for diacetyl metabolism in Lactococcus lactis.


PMID 8779601

Abstract

Diacetyl is an important food flavor compound produced by certain strains of citrate-metabolizing lactic acid bacteria. Citrate is converted to pyruvate, from which diacetyl is produced via intermediate alpha-acetolactate. This paper reports the cloning and analysis of the gene (aldB) encoding alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase from Lactococcus lactis MG1363. Deletion of the MG1363 chromosomal aldB gene was achieved by double crossover homologous recombination. The mutant strain was found to produce diacetyl; alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase activity was eliminated. Overexpression of the cloned ilvBN genes (encoding an alpha-acetolactate synthase) in the aldB deletion strain produced even higher levels of alpha-acetolactate, acetoin, and diacetyl.

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