The Journal of biological chemistry

Different inducibility of expression of the two xylanase genes xyn1 and xyn2 in Trichoderma reesei.

PMID 8810338


Regulation of formation of the extracellular xylanase system of Trichoderma reesei QM 9414 during growth on xylan, cellulose, and replacement onto a number of soluble inducers was investigated by Northern analysis of xyn1 and xyn2 transcripts and by the use of the Escherichia coli hph (hygromycin B-phosphotransferase-encoding) gene as a reporter. Whereas the xyn1 promoter is active in the presence of xylan and xylose, and virtually silenced in the presence of glucose, the xyn2 promoter enables basal transcription at a low level, but is enhanced in the presence of xylan and xylobiose and also of sophorose or cellobiose. The respective regulatory nucleotide regions were localized on a 221-base pair fragment and a 55-base pair fragment of the xyn1 and xyn2 5'-upstream noncoding sequences, respectively. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays, using cell-free extracts, identified induction-specific protein-DNA complexes: one complex of high mobility was observed under basal, noninduced conditions (glucose) with xyn2, which was in part replaced by a slow-migrating complex upon induction by xylan or sophorose. Both complexes bound to a CCAAT box. With xyn1, the induced complex also binds to a CCAAT box, but this binding is not observed in the presence of the carbon catabolite repressor Cre1, which binds to a nearby located consensus motif.

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