International journal of peptide and protein research

Distinct conformational preferences of three cyclic beta-casomorphin-5 analogs determined using NMR spectroscopy and theoretical analysis.

PMID 8844269


The conformational properties of three cyclic beta-casomorphin analogs based on the general formula H-Tyr-c[-D-Orn-2-Nal-D-Pro-Xaa-] (2-Nal = 2-naphthylalanine; Xaa = D-Ala, Sar or NMe-Ala) in DMSO solution were investigated using NMR spectroscopy in conjunction with molecular modeling techniques. The D-Ala5- and Sar5-analogs (compounds 1 and 2 respectively) are potent mixed mu-agonist/delta-antagonists with high mu- and delta-opioid receptor affinities, whereas the NMe-Ala5-analog (compound 3) is a potent mu-agonist and a weak partial delta-agonist. Distinct conformational differences emerged for the three compounds studied. Flexibility in the bare ring structures was found to increase in the order 3 < 2 < 1. The increased structural rigidity of 3 may be responsible for its low delta-receptor affinity as compared to the two other analogs. A low fractional population of conformers containing two cis peptide bonds was found for compound 2 but not for analog 1 or 3. Initial evidence for this observation was obtained from NMR differential line-broadening experiments and later confirmed by molecular mechanics simulations. Comparison of the temperature dependence of amide proton chemical shifts acquired for the three cyclic analogs indicate a large degree of intramolecular hydrogen bonding for 1 but not for the other two peptides.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

β-Casomorphin Fragment 1-5 hydrochloride, ≥97% (HPLC)